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You are here: Home » Past Issues » Volume 7, 2012 - Number 4 » EVALUATION OF GAMMA RADIOACTIVITY LEVELS AND ITS RADIOLOGICAL HAZARDS OF BEACH AND INTERTIDAL SEDIMENTS


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Venkidasamy RAMASAMY1* Shanmugam SENTHIL2, Govindasamy SURESH3, & Velladurai PONNUSAMY4
1Department of Physics, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, India.
2 Department of Physics, Panimalar Engineering College, Poonamallee, Chennai, Tamilnadu, india
3Department of Physics, Arulmigu Meenakshi Amman College of Engineering, Vadamavandal, Near Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu, India.
4Department of Physics, MIT Campus, Anna University Chennai,Tamilnadu, India.
* Corresponding author E-mail: srsaranram@rediffmail.com

EVALUATION OF GAMMA RADIOACTIVITY LEVELS AND ITS RADIOLOGICAL HAZARDS OF BEACH AND INTERTIDAL SEDIMENTS

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Abstract:

There has been great concern about the health risks associated with the exposure due to the natural radioactivity present in coastal sediments all over the world. In this context, 35 beach and intertidal sediment samples were collected from north east coast of Tamilnadu, India, in order to evaluate their natural radioactivity. The activity concentrations of natural radionuclides such as 238U, 232Th and 40K in sediment samples were determined by gamma ray spectrometer and the mean values are compared with recommended and reported values. In order to evaluate the radiological hazard of the sediment, the absorbed dose rate, annual effective dose rate, hazard index, representative level index and excess lifetime cancer risk have been calculated and discussed. Average of all the calculated radiological parameters are within the recommended level for both beach and intertidal samples. However, some extreme values are also observed in Devanampattinam (S6) and Mahabalipuram (S22) beach due to the presence of black sands. No harmful radiation effects are pose to the public and tourists going to the beaches for recreation or to the sailors and fishermen involved in their activities in the area as a results of the activity of beach and intertidal sediments.


Keyword: Natural radioactivity, Beach and Intertidal sediments, absorbed dose rate, hazard index


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