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You are here: Home » Past Issues » Volume 7, 2012 - Number 4 » THE POLLUTION IMPACT ON THE WATER, SOIL AND PLANT GENERATED BY FOUNDRIES IN PIRAPORA AND VARZEÁ DA PALMA, MINAS GERAIS STATE, BRAZIL


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Heinrich Adolf HORN1, Essaid BILAL2, Veloso Elizêne RIBEIRO3, Magalhaes Wallace TRINDADE4 & Hernando BAGGIO5
1 Geological Institute, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Minas Gerais, Brazil, hahorn@ufmg.br, Tel.: +55313409 4446, Fax: +553134095420
2 Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, CNRS-UMR 6425, C, France. bilalessaid@gmail.com
3 Federal Tecnical school, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil, elizenev@yahoo.com.br
4 Geographical Institute, State University of Montes Claros, Pirapora, Minas Gerais, Brazil, wallacegeografo@yahoo.com.br
5 Federal University of Jequitinhonha e Mucurivallays , Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil, hernandobaggio@yahoo.com.br.

THE POLLUTION IMPACT ON THE WATER, SOIL AND PLANT GENERATED BY FOUNDRIES IN PIRAPORA AND VARZEÁ DA PALMA, MINAS GERAIS STATE, BRAZIL

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Abstract:

The foundries in the Pirapora and Varzea da Palma produce a large smoke charged with particles. These particles disperse in the area causing water, soil and plants pollution and human health problems. The collected filter samples were analyzed using XRD, ICP-OES, ICP-MS, optical microscope, environmental SEM and microprobe. The particles from Inonibras foundry compared to Hiasa foundry are rich in Ba, Rb, As, V, Zn, Pb, Cu, Mo and Ni. The smoke contains the particles of composition (clay, magnetite, silicate, amorphous SiO2), shapes and sizes are very various. The spherical particles of black smoke form an agglomerate rich in Fe and Si.


Keyword: dust, melting processes, Fe-Si industry, metal sources, contamination, human activities


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