CJEES

Home
Peer Review
Editorial Board
Instructions
Online First
Latest Issue
Past Issues
Contact
Impact Factor
Reject Rate

 
You are here: Home » Past Issues » Volume 8, 2013 - Number 3 » CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY, PETROGRAPHY AND REMOTE SENSING CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MIDDLE MIOCENE - HOLOCENE SEDIMENTS OF RAS BANAS PENINSULA, RED SEA COAST, EGYPT


« Back

Kamal ABOU ELMAGD1, Ashraf EMAM1 & Mohamed Wahbi ALI-BIK2
1Aswan University, Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Aswan 81528, Egypt, Kamalali2@hotmail.com,
ashrafemam99@hotmail.com
2National Research Centre, Geological Sciences Department, Cairo 12622, Egypt mwalibik2007@yahoo.com

CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY, PETROGRAPHY AND REMOTE SENSING CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MIDDLE MIOCENE - HOLOCENE SEDIMENTS OF RAS BANAS PENINSULA, RED SEA COAST, EGYPT

Full text

Abstract:

Chemostratigraphic and petrographic investigations integrated with remote sensing lithologic mapping are used in harmony to discriminate and delineate the outcropping sedimentary successions at Ras Banas Peninsula, Red Sea coast. Tectonically, Ras Banas peninsula is considered as a part of Pre-Miocene continental slope. Their sedimentary successions account the sedimentation history from Middle Miocene up to Holocene which in part documents the deformational impacts that accompanied the Red Sea rifting. The Ras Banas sedimentary succession exhibits frequent unconformities and conspicuous lithologic variations comprising mixed siliciclastics/carbonate facies, evaporites, open marine and organic build up limestone as well as coral reefs, continental sandy gravels and beach sands. The carbonate succession at the area documents the highstand status of the Red Sea water from Middle Miocene to Pleistocene in accord to the global sea-level fluctuations. The chemical data of the studied rock units substantiates the field and petrographical results. On silica- lime- magnesia diagram, the syn-rifting mixed siliciclastics/carbonates are scattered between the quartz and dolomite reference points. The post-rifting carbonates are mainly pure dolostone, limestone and sandy limestone. Norm calculations indicate that the evaporites are mainly gypsum and anhydrite with substantial normative dolomite. The tectono-sedimentary evolution of Ras Banassedimentary sequence in relation to Red Sea rifting phases and sea level fluctuations is discussed. Newmapping was undertaken for the Ras Banas Peninsula using remote sensing and GIS techniques includingband ratioing, principle component analysis and false color composition. Based on mineralogical data,special interest has been paid to the diagnostic spectral features that discriminate between evaporites andcarbonates on one hand and between dolomite and calcite on the other.


Keyword: Ras Banas Peninsula, Chemostratigraphy, Remote Sensing, Carbonates, Evaporites


(c) 2006 - 2020, Earth and Environmental Team
Design by Adrian Dorin