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You are here: Home » Past Issues » Volume 8, 2013 - Number 4 » ASSESSMENT OF CHANGES IN LAND-USE AND LAND-COVER PATTERN IN ROMANIA USING CORINE LAND COVER DATABASE


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Elena-Ana POPOVICI, Dan BĂLTEANU & Gheorghe KUCSICSA
Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, Dimitrie Racoviţă Str., no. 12, sector 2, Bucharest, RO-023993,
e-mail: popoviciana76@yahoo.com; danbalteanu@clicknet.ro; mondy_ghe@yahoo.com

ASSESSMENT OF CHANGES IN LAND-USE AND LAND-COVER PATTERN IN ROMANIA USING CORINE LAND COVER DATABASE

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Abstract:

Romania has a wide range of landforms, land use and land cover categories being unevenly distribute. However, agricultural land and forest land are prevailing. Important spatial changes related to land use dynamic occurred in the 1990s (transition period) and got momentum after 2000. One of the major changes during the transition period was the expansion of private ownership over agricultural and forest land against the collective and state property that has been characteristic of the previous period. So, the large collective and state farms from the communist period gave way to small, peasant-type family farms, leading to noticeable fragmentation of the agricultural land. As to the land use pattern, two main directions of change have been of interest. Firstly, the intensification and the extensification of the agricultural systems, mostly in the plains and plateaux and secondly, the afforestation and deforestation, largely in the mountains and plateaux have been described. The pack of urbanisation and industrialisation slowed down, yet still on going in the large urban centres as Bucharest, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Cluj Napoca etc., and in their neighbourhood. The present study aims to analyse the temporal and spatial changes of the main land use and land cover categories by resorting to CORINE Land Cover (CLC) database, while identifying and looking into the main factors controlling the evolution of land-use/cover change. Insights into the regional level change resulted in studying it by major relief units, namely, the Carpathian Mountains, hills, plateaux and plains, as well as the Danube Delta.


Keyword: Land-use and land-cover changes; CORINE Land Cover database; Romania


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